Kansas, state in the western part of the central United States. Kansas is usually designated as a
Midwestern state. However, it is commonly referred to as a plains state, and sections are often considered part of the Southwest or West. Such variations in terminology reflect the fact that Kansas does not
belong wholly to one region and is an area of diversified relief, climate, economy, and patterns of settlement. The landscape of the east, with its hills, woodlands, grain-and-livestock farms, and comparatively
large cities, contrasts sharply with the dry treeless plains and vast wheat farms of the sparsely populated west.